What is liver cirrhosis, and why is it called scarring of the liver


Liver cirrhosis is a progressive and irreversible condition that affects the liver, causing extensive damage and scarring. This condition is often referred to as the scarring of the liver due to the underlying changes that occur within this vital organ. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of liver cirrhosis, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options. Additionally, we’ll explore why this condition is known as scarring of the liver. If you or your loved ones are seeking liver cirrhosis treatment in chennai then this article will provide valuable insights.

What is Liver Cirrhosis?

Liver cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease characterized by the progressive destruction and regeneration of liver cells. Over time, this results in the formation of scar tissue, which impairs the liver’s ability to function properly. Various factors can contribute to the development of liver cirrhosis, including excessive alcohol consumption, chronic viral hepatitis, fatty liver disease, and autoimmune disorders. It is essential to understand the causes and risk factors associated with liver cirrhosis to prevent its progression.

Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

The primary causes of liver cirrhosis are alcohol abuse and chronic hepatitis. Prolonged alcohol consumption leads to alcoholic liver disease, while chronic hepatitis B or C infections cause inflammation and damage to the liver cells. Other causes include non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), autoimmune hepatitis, genetic disorders, and certain medications. Prolonged exposure to these factors can lead to inflammation, fibrosis, and eventually cirrhosis.

Certain autoimmune diseases, such as autoimmune hepatitis and primary biliary cholangitis, can cause chronic inflammation of the liver, leading to the development of cirrhosis. These conditions occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy liver cells, triggering inflammation and scarring over time.

In some cases, liver cirrhosis can be caused by genetic disorders, such as Wilson’s disease, hemochromatosis, and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. These conditions disrupt the liver’s normal functioning and can lead to the accumulation of toxic substances, resulting in liver damage and cirrhosis.

Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis

When it comes to the symptoms of liver cirrhosis, they can vary depending on the basis of the stage and severity. In the early stages, liver cirrhosis may not exhibit any noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, individuals may experience fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), abdominal pain, swelling in the legs, weight loss, easy bruising or bleeding, and mental confusion.

As liver cirrhosis advances, more severe symptoms may manifest, indicating significant liver damage. These symptoms can include mental confusion, bleeding disorders, easy bruising, and fluid accumulation in the legs and abdomen. Complications such as liver cancer, liver failure, and portal hypertension can also arise.

When these symptoms start to arise, it is important to pay immediate medical attention to them. A thorough medical examination, including blood tests, imaging scans, and sometimes a liver biopsy, is crucial in diagnosing liver cirrhosis.

Understanding the Scarring Process

The liver possesses an amazing ability to renew and self-heal. However, when the liver is repeatedly injured, the normal healing process is disrupted, leading to the formation of scar tissue. This scar tissue replaces the healthy liver cells, impairing the liver’s structure and function. The scarring process progresses over time, eventually leading to liver cirrhosis.

Complications of Liver Cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis can give rise to various complications, including portal hypertension, which is an increase in blood pressure within the portal vein system. This can lead to the development of enlarged veins (varices) in the esophagus or stomach, which may rupture and cause life-threatening bleeding. Other complications include ascites (abdominal fluid accumulation), hepatic encephalopathy (brain dysfunction), and an increased risk of liver cancer. These complications can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life and require prompt medical intervention.

Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis

Diagnosing liver cirrhosis involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. Blood tests are conducted to assess liver function and identify any underlying causes. Imaging techniques like ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI may be used to visualize the liver and detect any abnormalities. In certain other times, performing a liver biopsy could prove to be helpful in assessing the liver and potentially the extent of liver damage.

Treatment Options for Liver Cirrhosis

While liver cirrhosis itself is irreversible, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can help manage the condition and slow down its progression. Treatment approaches vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the disease. Treatment options may include lifestyle modifications, such as abstaining from alcohol and maintaining a healthy diet. Medications might be recommended to relieve symptoms and address any associated issues. In advanced cases, a liver transplant may be the only viable option for long-term survival.

Liver Transplant in Chennai

Liver transplantation is considered the definitive treatment for end-stage liver cirrhosis. It involves replacing the damaged liver with a healthy liver from a deceased or living donor. This complex surgical procedure offers hope to individuals with advanced liver disease, providing them with a chance at a longer and healthier life. In Chennai, there are renowned liver hospitals that specialize in liver cirrhosis treatment and liver transplantation.Bestliver transplant surgeon in chennai and state-of-the-art infrastructure make them ideal for liver transplant procedures. They provide comprehensive treatment, including evaluation, surgery, and post-operative care.

Importance of Liver Health

Liver health is crucial for overall well-being. Regular check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption are essential for maintaining a healthy liver. With the liver being responsible for various vital functions in the body, including detoxification, nutrient metabolism, and bile production, it is crucial to take proactive steps to preserve its health.


Liver cirrhosis, also known as scarring of the liver, is a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention. Understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for managing the disease effectively. If you or your loved ones are in need of liver cirrhosis treatment or are considering a liver transplant, Chennai’s liver hospitals offer advanced facilities and expert care.

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